The CSO announces 2022-23 season, the final for Muti. Plus his thoughts on Ukraine and Russian musicians. (2022)

In 1973, Riccardo Muti first stood before the orchestra he would lead decades later as its music director, conducting the Chicago Symphony in Modest Mussorgsky’s “Pictures at an Exhibition.” The orchestra’s larger-than-life sound in the suite’s final movement, the triumphal “Great Gate of Kyiv,” still echoes mightily in his memory.

“I was very impressed … no, ‘impressed’ is not enough. I couldn’t believe the quantity of sound that came from the brass,” Muti said, speaking recently from his home in Ravenna, Italy. “I remember I had to reduce my gestures, because the sound was so big.”


Muti will lead the CSO in “Pictures at an Exhibition” next fall (Oct. 6-8) in what has been announced as his last season with the orchestra, 50 years after that performance. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra Association (CSOA) on Tuesday announced programming for the 2022-23 season — the orchestra’s 132nd.

In October, ”The Great Gate of Kyiv” will resound in a very different world. Underneath Kyiv’s real-life Golden Gate, a subway station named for the landmark has become a bomb shelter. Kyiv’s memorial to Babyn Yar — the pogrom memorialized by Dmitri Shostakovich in his Symphony No. 13, which Muti and the CSO widely performed and recorded in a Grammy-winning album — lies ravaged. In Mariupol, the historic theater that once resounded with heavenly sounds is now a mass grave.


Though he unequivocally opposes barring artists from performing on the basis of their nationality, Muti nonetheless had unsparing words for Russian artists, regardless of stature, who have remained silent about the conflict.

“Maybe some of them are afraid because they received favors from the government, and they cannot be against (the war). But people must have the courage to say that to kill people, to kill children, to take away freedom … that is not to be against a government. That is to be human,” he said. “Everyone must say in a full voice that to kill people is criminal — to take freedom, integrity, and dignity away from any nation is a crime. If they don’t have the courage … that is on their conscience.”

Muti, 80, has long used his musical pulpit to excoriate what he sees as a decline in cultural appreciation and accompanying rise in violence at every scale — interpersonal, intercommunal, international. He will leave his post at the CSO next June a more pessimistic man, but not a defeated one.

“The situation in the world will be very dangerous for the orchestra, and they deserve a wonderful future,” Muti said. “Music can help — not to stop the war, of course, but to make people more gentle, more human.

“I still have the strength to fight. It’s a drop in the ocean, but together it may create another sea.”

Muti’s final CSO year dovetails with the first for a new fellowship program offering career pathways to string players from racial and ethnic backgrounds underrepresented on American orchestral stages. Starting next season, the initiative — so far dubbed simply the CSO Fellowship Program — will engage three musicians at a minimum of 20 concert cycles per year, for a maximum stint of three seasons. Fellows will be accepted as seats become available; musicians must have graduated from an undergraduate degree program to apply, but there is no upper age limit for applicants.

“The whole goal here is to get them the training and experience that will help secure an orchestra audition — hopefully in the CSO, but if it’s another orchestra, that’s fine, too,” says CSOA president Jeff Alexander. “It might be that we find three fellows for the first year, and halfway through the year, one of them wins an audition somewhere, and they leave us at the end of the first season. In theory, actually, the shorter they’re in the program, the better.”

CSO Fellows must unionize with the American Federation of Musicians’ local, the Chicago Federation of Musicians, and will be engaged at same rate as substitute musicians — given the number of weeks engaged, equivalent to anywhere between $52,000 and $65,000 per year, according to Alexander.


The fellowship mirrors other programs recently inaugurated at the Cincinnati Symphony and Los Angeles Philharmonic. The Detroit Symphony’s African American Orchestra Fellowship is among the oldest, founded in 1990. Like Cincinnati’s Diversity Fellowship, the CSO Fellowship Program is limited to string players, but “maybe that will change in time,” says Alexander.

The CSO announces 2022-23 season, the final for Muti. Plus his thoughts on Ukraine and Russian musicians. (1)

Internal diversity, equity, and inclusion working groups at the CSO formulated not only the Fellowship Program but also its goals to increase mainstage programming of works by underrepresented and living composers. At the time the season was finalized, CSO subscription concerts featured six works by composers of color, all of whom are alive, with the exception of Black British composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875-1912). The CSO plays eight works total by living composers on its subscription concerts. (William Kraft’s Timpani Concerto No. 1 was programmed before his death last month; CSO principal timpanist David Herbert’s May 25-27 performances of the work now eulogize the composer, himself longtime principal timpanist of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.) That’s more than recent seasons, if still, as ever, on the conservative end of the spectrum of major American symphony orchestras.

“Some people, I’m sure, will say, ‘Oh, you should be doing more.’ But these are really great composers and great pieces, some of them we haven’t heard yet (at the CSO),” Alexander says.

Indeed, with so many loose ends to tie up in Muti’s final season, just a year out from Orchestra Hall’s shutdown, the season is not without its gaps. The CSO presents just one orchestral world premiere next season, and it’s a given: a new work by Jessie Montgomery, already guaranteed by the terms of her appointment as composer-in-residence (May 11-16).

On the flip side, the CSO unveils a decent slate of U.S. premieres. During his tenure, Muti has gravitated more toward resuscitating lesser-known 19th- and 20th-century works than world premieres. “Solemn Prelude,” a short overture written by Coleridge-Taylor in 1899, gets such a treatment for opening weekend (Sept. 22-27) alongside Yefim Bronfman in Johannes Brahms’s Piano Concerto No. 1 and Pyotr Ilych Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 2, which incorporates folk melodies from Ukraine and Russia.

Later in the fall, Lera Auerbach’s cello concerto “Diary of a Madman” gets its American premiere at the hands of dedicatee Gautier Capuçon and conductor Manfred Honeck, his tenure at Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra recently extended through 2028 but still in the running as a possible Muti successor (Nov. 17-20).


After that, 26-year-old Finnish wunderkind Klaus Mäkelä — debuting here next month in a program including Stravinsky’s “Firebird” — conducts “Aino” by composer Jimmy López, known to Chicago audiences when his opera “Bel Canto” became the first mainstage Lyric Opera commission in a decade upon its 2016 premiere (Feb. 16-18). Both Auerbach and López’s works are CSO co-commissions.

Pianist-composer-conductor Sergei Rachmaninoff’s 150th birthday also passes without a complete piano concerto or symphony cycle, with most of the commemoration at the hands of guest musicians. 33-year-old phenom Lahav Shani (as of recently, helming the Israel and Rotterdam Philharmonics) leads a mostly Rachmaninoff program with pianist Beatrice Rana (Feb. 9-11), Evgeny Kissin dedicates half a recital program to his works (April 16), and Daniil Trifonov plays the larger-than-life Piano Concerto No. 3 in an all-Russian program with French conductor Fabien Gabel (April 20-23).

An exception: Muti steps out with Rachmaninoff’s Symphony No. 2 in the same program as Montgomery’s premiere, his first time leading the work (May 11-16). When asked about the symphony, he pointed out the sustained relationship between Rachmaninoff and the Philadelphia Orchestra, which Muti led between 1980 and 1992.

“Rachmaninoff wrote a lot of music for the Philadelphia Orchestra. It was the orchestra in which he found the sound for his symphonic music, this perfume that Stokowski cultivated,” he said. “I was always suspicious about this composer’s music, (which interpreters tend) to make too superficial, to indulge too much. When you hear the recordings where Rachmaninoff plays the piano, it’s much more serious.

“But (the Rachmaninoff symphony) is not so much a challenge. ‘Missa solemnis’”—the Beethoven choral-orchestral epic with which Muti closes out his CSO tenure, June 23-25 — ”that is a challenge.”

Other 2022-23 season highlights include Chucho Valdés’s Afro-Cuban jazz suite “The Creation” (Oct. 18), a collaborative program between the CSO and Joffrey Ballet (Nov. 10-12), CSO artist-in-residence Hilary Hahn playing selections from Bach’s sonatas and partitas for solo violin (March 19), recitals by tenor Juan Diego Flórez (Jan. 31) and soprano Renée Fleming (May 14), and the Emerson String Quartet returning to Chicago with a for-real-this-time last hurrah with pianist Emanuel Ax before disbanding (June 4). Programming for MusicNOW, the CSO’s contemporary music series, and the Civic Orchestra, its training and outreach ensemble, remain unannounced.

Guest orchestras also finally return to Symphony Center, with visits by the Berlin Philharmonic (its first to Symphony Center in 12 years, Nov. 16) and Toronto Symphony Orchestra (Feb. 14).

After years of directing Civic and CSO special programs, this season finally features the long-overdue subscription debut of conductor Thomas Wilkins, leading more Coleridge-Taylor, Antonin Dvorak’s “New World” Symphony No. 9, and principal clarinetist Stephen Williamson in Aaron Copland’s Clarinet Concerto (March 23-26). Composer Thomas Adès also makes his CSO conducting debut leading his own Piano Concerto with soloist Kirill Gerstein (April 6—11).

For other guest conductors next season, to riff on Freud, a podium visit is not just a podium visit. With its music director with one foot out the door, the CSO — admin and musicians alike — will be sussing out many guest conductors’ fit as a possible music director. Among the guest conductors coming who could conceivably take on the current residency commitment required by the music director role: Staatskapelle Dresden principal conductor Christian Thielemann (conducting Anton Bruckner’s Symphony No. 8, Oct. 20-25), Ravinia conductor/curator and ORF Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra chief conductor Marin Alsop (with the Lorelai Ensemble in a CSO co-commission by Julia Wolfe, Jan. 6-7), outgoing Minnesota Orchestra director Osmo Vänskä (in a choral-orchestral program including Carl Orff’s “Carmina Burana” and Jessie Montgomery’s “Banner,” March 16-18), and Czech conductor Jakub Hrůša (closing out guest podium stints with Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 9, June 8-10).

But the CSO is in no rush, as Alexander made clear when asked what he expects will happen at the end of the 2022-23 season.

“At this stage, any conductor that comes through is somebody that we’re all watching carefully, of course … (But) we’ve not set a deadline for when we want to conclude the search. It’s really important that we find the right person, and that we take our time to do that,” Alexander says.

“Chances are, there will be there will be a gap. That’s not uncommon, and we’ve known that for a long time.”


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The CSO announces 2022-23 season, the final for Muti. Plus his thoughts on Ukraine and Russian musicians. (2)

Hannah Edgar is a freelance writer.

The Rubin Institute for Music Criticism helps fund our classical music coverage. The Chicago Tribune maintains complete editorial control over assignments and content.


Who is helping Ukraine? ›

Since 2014, the United States has provided more than $19.6 billion in security assistance for training and equipment to help Ukraine preserve its territorial integrity, secure its borders, and improve interoperability with NATO.

Is the United Nations going to help Ukraine? ›

The United Nations is making the protection of civilians its priority and will intensify its humanitarian operations in and around Ukraine.

Is Ukraine in NATO? ›

Article 5 of Nato's charter obliges countries to come to the defence of a fellow Nato member if attacked, but since Ukraine is not part of Nato, its member countries have stopped short of sending troops on to its territory.

Who helped Ukraine in 2022? ›

As of April 21, 2022 Azerbaijan in total sent ~€15 mil worth of humanitarian aid to Ukraine. 5 July 2022 Azerbaijan delivered 50 tons of humanitarian aid consisting of canned food, baby food, clothing and medicine bound for Cherkasy through Poland.

What weapons has France sent to Ukraine? ›

Over the past eight months, Paris has supplied 18 Caesar howitzers, MILAN anti-tank missiles and TRF1 towed howitzers to Ukrainian forces.

What does United States get from Ukraine? ›

United States Imports from UkraineValueYear
Essential oils, perfumes, cosmetics, toileteries$1.94M2021
Cocoa and cocoa preparations$1.86M2021
Milling products, malt, starches, inlin, wheat gluten$1.62M2021
Aircraft, spacecraft$1.48M2021
89 more rows

Does Ukraine have nuclear weapons? ›

The warheads were removed from Ukraine by 1996 and disassembled in Russia. Despite Russia's subsequent and internationally disputed annexation of Crimea in 2014, Ukraine reaffirmed its 1994 decision to accede to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear-weapon state.

Who isn't in the UN? ›

The United Nations has 193 members among the 197 states it recognizes. While the Vatican and the Palestinian State are 'only' observers, the Cook Islands and Niue are non-member States since they are in free association with New Zealand.

What countries are not in UN? ›

The United Nations (UN) is the largest intergovernmental organization in the world, with a current membership of 193 member states and two permanent non-member observer states (Palestine and Vatican City/Holy See).

Who are the 29 countries in NATO? ›

Alphabetical list of NATO member countries
  • Albania. 2009. Belgium. 1949. Bulgaria. 2004. Canada. 1949. Croatia. ...
  • Denmark. 1949. Estonia. 2004. France. 1949. Germany. 1955. ...
  • Iceland. 1949. Italy. 1949. Latvia. 2004. Lithuania. 2004. ...
  • Netherlands. 1949. North Macedonia. 2020. Norway. 1949. Poland. 1999. ...
  • Slovakia. 2004. Slovenia. 2004. Spain. 1982. Türkiye. 1952.
4 Oct 2022

How many members does NATO have? ›

At present, NATO has 30 members. In 1949, there were 12 founding members of the Alliance: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States.

What is purpose of NATO? ›

NATO's fundamental goal is to safeguard the Allies' freedom and security by political and military means.

Who supplies Ukraine with weapons? ›

Following Russia's February 2022 invasion of Ukraine, the United States embarked on a long-term commitment to provide Ukraine with the tools and equipment it needs to defend its sovereignty. Since that time, more than $14.5 billion in assistance has been committed to Ukraine.

How much money has been sent to Ukraine from the United States? ›

These announcements will bring the total U.S. military assistance for Ukraine to approximately $15.2 billion since the beginning of this Administration.

How much aid has Ukraine received from the United States? ›

In total, the United States has now committed approximately $16.9 billion in security assistance to Ukraine since January 2021.

How many tanks does Russia have? ›

According to the Military Balance 2021, quoted in Kyiv Independent, Russia has over 10,000 battle tanks in storage, mainly T-72s and T-80s.

How many tanks have been sent to Ukraine? ›

Tanks. Ukraine has received more than 230 Warsaw Pact-designed tanks from Poland and the Czech Republic. Ukraine's armed forces have been using T-72s for decades and have maintenance and spare parts capabilities, in addition to trained crew.

How many Himars does Ukraine have? ›

Ukraine now has 26 advanced mobile launchers that can fire rockets even farther than those howitzers can — 16 HIMARS vehicles from the United States and 10 older American-made M270 launchers that Britain and Germany provided.

Where does the US get its oil? ›

The top five source countries of U.S. gross petroleum imports in 2021 were Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Colombia. Note: Ranking in the table is based on gross imports by country of origin. Net import volumes in the table may not equal gross imports minus exports because of independent rounding of data.

What is Russia biggest export? ›

Exports The top exports of Russia are Crude Petroleum ($74.4B), Refined Petroleum ($48B), Petroleum Gas ($19.7B), Gold ($18.7B), and Coal Briquettes ($14.5B), exporting mostly to China ($49.3B), United Kingdom ($25.3B), Netherlands ($22.5B), Belarus ($15.8B), and Germany ($14.2B).

Which country has the most powerful weapons in the world? ›

They are easily the most fearsome weapons on Earth, capable of producing more death, destruction, injury, and sickness than any other weapon.
Here are the 10 countries with the most nuclear weapons:
  • Russia - 6,257.
  • United States - 5,550.
  • China - 350.
  • France - 290.
  • United Kingdom - 225.
  • Pakistan - 165.
  • India - 156.
  • Israel - 90.

What happens if there is a nuclear war? ›

WHAT IS THE IMPACT OF A NUCLEAR ATTACK? A nuclear attack could cause substantial fatalities, injuries, and infrastructure damage from the heat and blast of the explosion, and significant radiological consequences from both the initial nuclear radiation and the radioactive fallout that settles after the initial event.

Do Germany have nuclear weapons? ›

Although Germany has the technical capability to produce weapons of mass destruction, since World War II it has generally refrained from producing those weapons. However, Germany participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering United States nuclear weapons.

Is NATO more powerful than the UN? ›

The UN likely commands more global influence, but NATO, for example, is more powerful militarily. Inter-governmental organisations, such as the European Union, are hugely powerful globally.

What countries does the US not recognize? ›

The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all UN member and observer states other than Bhutan, Iran, North Korea and Syria, and the UN observer State of Palestine, the latter of which the U.S. does not recognize.

What is difference between NATO and United Nations? ›

NATO and the U.N. are two organizations trying to work together despite the fact that they have very different philosophies: NATO is an organization designed to fight war, if necessary, in order to defend peace; whereas the U.N. is an organization designed to avoid war in order to maintain peace.

What is the smallest country in the world? ›

The three smallest countries in the world are Vatican City, an enclave within Rome, Italy. Monaco, a principality at the Mediterranean coast and an enclave within Southern France, and Nauru, an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

Why is Palestine not a member of the United Nations? ›

By September 2012, with their application for full membership stalled due to the inability of Security Council members to 'make a unanimous recommendation', the Palestine Authority had decided to pursue an upgrade in status from "observer entity" to "non-member observer state".

Which country has no Independence Day? ›

One of Europe's smallest but richest countries, Liechtenstein doesn't actually have an independence day… because it has never been captured! Instead, August 15 is the country's National Day—a public holiday since 1940 that sees fireworks, street fairs and processions in the capital city of Vaduz.

How strong is NATO? ›

The combined total of Nato military personnel currently exceeds 5.4 million – around four times as many as Russia, according to Statista. It has about five times as many aircraft, four times as many armoured vehicles and three times as many military ships.

Has France left NATO? ›

Did you know that France hosted NATO for 15 years? And that although it withdrew from NATO's military structure in 1966, it remained an Ally?

Why is Japan not part of NATO? ›

As the name “North Atlantic Treaty Organization” suggests, NATO is essentially a treaty organization for nations in the North Atlantic region. Located on the rim of the Pacific, Japan is not eligible to join NATO because of its geographical location.

Why did France leave NATO? ›

In 1966, due to souring relations between Washington and Paris because of the refusal to integrate France's nuclear deterrent with other North Atlantic powers, or to accept any collective form of control over its armed forces, French president Charles de Gaulle downgraded France's membership in NATO and withdrew France ...

Who has the largest army in NATO? ›

the United States

Who is the most powerful country in NATO? ›

The 10 NATO Countries With the Largest Militaries:
  • United States.
  • Turkey.
  • France.
  • Germany.
  • Italy.
  • United Kingdom.
  • Greece.
  • Spain.
18 Apr 2022

What if one NATO country attacks another? ›

Article 5 provides that if a NATO Ally is the victim of an armed attack, each and every other member of the Alliance will consider this act of violence as an armed attack against all members and will take the actions it deems necessary to assist the Ally attacked.

What is the opposite of NATO? ›

The Warsaw Pact embodied what was referred to as the Eastern bloc, while NATO and its member countries represented the Western bloc. NATO and the Warsaw Pact were ideologically opposed and, over time, built up their own defences starting an arms race that lasted throughout the Cold War.

Is China apart of NATO? ›

For the first time, NATO members included China in the Strategic Concept as posing a “systemic challenge” to Euro-Atlantic security. NATO 2022 Strategic Concept, NATO, June 29, 2022.

How many tanks has Russia lost Ukraine? ›

54,810 Russian troops killed (approximately three times that number wounded and captured) 4,724 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles destroyed. 3,587 vehicles and fuel tanks. 2,216 tanks.

Will Russia run out of tanks? ›

In all, Russia has at least 2,000 potentially restorable tanks, meaning it will not run out during its war in Ukraine – even if it has to roll back its relics from the early 1960s. But Russia also has alternative sources: Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenko's regime possesses over 500 modernized T-72 tanks.

Who makes the Javelin missile? ›

With its soft launch design, Javelin can be safely fired from inside buildings or bunkers. Javelin was developed and produced for the U.S. Army and Marine Corps by the Javelin Joint Venture between Lockheed Martin in Orlando, Florida and Raytheon in Tucson, Arizona.

Has Ukraine received any weapons yet? ›

The United States has given Ukraine dozens of different munitions and weapon systems. In most instances, the amounts given to Ukraine are relatively small compared to U.S. inventories and production capabilities.

What weapons has the U.S. sent to Ukraine? ›

For the first time, the U.S. is sending 15 ScanEagle surveillance drones to help the Ukrainians spot and correct the precision artillery and rocket strikes that have taken a toll on Russian forces in recent weeks.

How much money has Canada sent to Ukraine? ›

In response to Russia's February invasion of Ukraine, Canada has announced successive shipments of military goods to the Ukrainian government. As of October 2022, the value of all committed transfers was in excess of $600-million CAD.

Who has given the most aid to Ukraine? ›

France was the largest arms exporter to Ukraine between 2014 and 2020 with over €1.6 billion worth of weapons provided.

How much is Ukraine military aid? ›

This $625 million drawdown includes additional arms, munitions, and equipment from U.S. Department of Defense inventories. This drawdown will bring the total U.S. military assistance for Ukraine to more than $17.5 billion since the beginning of this Administration.

How much foreign aid does the U.S. give? ›

In 2021, the United States budgeted $38 billion for foreign aid spending. As of this reporting, it has disbursed over $32 billion.

How many countries are helping Ukraine? ›

"I'm especially pleased that defense leaders from some 50 countries came together here today," Austin said. "It's a testament to the on-the-ground impact of this contact group that it continues to grow." Austin announced that President Joe Biden had approved a $1 billion security assistance package for Ukraine.

What is US doing to help Ukraine? ›

The U.S. government has responded to the Russian Federation's brutal war against Ukraine by delivering $8.5 billion in direct budget support to the Government of Ukraine to help maintain critical government services, such as paying salaries of first responders, meeting pension obligations, and maintaining hospitals.

Is England helping Ukraine? ›

The UK government is providing a range of economic, humanitarian and defensive military assistance to Ukraine, and is imposing additional sanctions on Russia and Belarus.

Is Canada helping Ukraine? ›

Canada has committed more than $369 million in humanitarian funding since the crisis began in 2014. In 2022, $320 million has been committed to United Nations agencies, the Red Cross Movement and non-governmental organizations to support the delivery of urgent assistance to conflict-affected populations in Ukraine.

Who has given the most weapons to Ukraine? ›

The US is the largest provider of military assistance to Ukraine, having committed $17.5 billion since the start of the Biden administration. $16.8 billion of that assistance has been provided since February 2022.

What weapons have Germany sent to Ukraine? ›

WASHINGTON — German defense leaders on Thursday pledged additional weapons and equipment to help Ukraine defend itself against Russia, announcing plans to deliver two multiple-launch rocket systems, known as MARS II, with 200 missiles and 50 Dingo armored personnel carriers.

How much aid has Ukraine received from the United States? ›

In total, the United States has now committed approximately $16.9 billion in security assistance to Ukraine since January 2021.

Why is Ukraine important to the United States? ›

The United States reaffirms its unwavering support for Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders, extending to its territorial waters. The U.S.-Ukraine relationship serves as a cornerstone for security, democracy, and human rights in Ukraine and the broader region.

Who is winning the Russia Ukraine war? ›

In a decisive offensive in the north-east, Ukraine drove back Russian forces. It claims to have regained 3,000 square kilometres (1,158 sq miles) of territory around the city of Kharkiv alone. Its forces have also retaken territory in Luhansk, in eastern Ukraine.

How many tanks has Russia lost Ukraine? ›

54,810 Russian troops killed (approximately three times that number wounded and captured) 4,724 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles destroyed. 3,587 vehicles and fuel tanks. 2,216 tanks.

Why is the UK so powerful? ›

Britain's global power originated from the Industrial Revolution and because of its geography as a large maritime power off the coast of Western Europe.

How many javelins does Ukraine have? ›

Although it has seen its share of combat since its introduction to service, it has been in Ukraine that the Javelin has attained legendary status. The country had already purchased 210 missiles and 37 launchers in March 2018, for $47 million, followed by another order in June 2020 for $150 million more.

Is Canada part of NATO? ›

Canada in NATO

Canada was a founding member of the Alliance and has remained as a member since its inception. NATO is a major contributor to international peace and security and is the cornerstone of Canadian security and defence policy.

What is the best Canadian charity to donate to for Ukraine? ›

The Canadian Red Cross is supporting the efforts of its Red Cross Movement partners to provide humanitarian assistance to those affected by the crisis in Ukraine.

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